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4. 2019项目申请流程图

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5. 项目申请流程图

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6. 联系我们
联系人:

刘 怡
全球环境基金小额赠款中国项目 国家协调员
电话:86-10-85320731
传真:86-10-85320900
Email: yi.liu@undp.org
地址:北京亮马河南路2号 邮编:100600 联合国开发计划署能源与环境处

鲁梅佳
全球环境基金小额赠款中国项目 项目助理
电话:86-10-85320743
传真:86-10-85320900
Email: meijia.lu@undp.org 
地址:北京亮马河南路2号 邮编:100600 联合国开发计划署能源与环境处
7. 国家战略介绍
  所有参加小额项目的国家均须制定国家战略。国家战略作为国家项目实施的框架文件,其目的是促进人们对UNDP/GEF小额赠款项目任务和目标的了解,确保小额项目的活动与GEF保护全球环境效益的整体目标密切相关;使全球战略框架和项目文件与中国国情和优先领域相结合;为资金分配和指导项目实施,特别是在选择项目时关注的生物地理特性和主要领域提供战略框架;建立评估项目成果和影响的机制。
  全球环境基金小额赠款中国项目国家战略的制定将GEF的重点领域和执行计划与“十一五计划”、“21世纪议程”、“国家生态环境保护规划”、“国家生物多样性战略和行动计划”以及“中国应对气候变化国家方案”等国家环境战略优先领域密切结合,这种将GEF标准与国家环境战略优先领域相结合的国家战略,对于确保小额项目与其他GEF项目以及国家环境项目的一致性,具有重要意义。国家战略中详细阐述了国家项目概述、国家基线分析、战略方向、监督与评估和知识管理战略等内容。
国家战略(2016)下载     
8. GEF SGP在中国
        中国从1994年5月起正式加入全球环境基金,并且也是该基金的出资方。财政部是GEF在中国的窗口单位,并且负责指定GEF的政策联络人和执行联络人。财政部负责签署中国的GEF项目,并且按照系统化和标准化的程序严格监督项目实施,从而提高GEF项目的整体表现和影响。2002年4月,财政部和环境保护部共同建立了中国GEF秘书处,其主要任务是向财政部提供技术支持,协助其从国家层面整体把握GEF项目的活动。
        中国的GEF项目具有清晰的目标,并且与国家项目和行动的制定与实施紧密结合。所有的项目目标均基于国家可持续发展框架建立,并且作为国家项目和行动的一部分加以实施,取得了显著的社会效益。因此,中国GEF项目对于一系列国家重要计划/规划、国际环境公约、国家十一五计划、《国务院关于进一步加强环境保护工作的决定》以及GEF第四执行阶段战略的实施,均起到良好的促进作用。中国的GEF项目也考虑了地域和领域的平衡问题。
        GEF小额赠款项目的建立可以追溯到2006年中国第一次表示意愿加入小额赠款项目。2006年11月,经小额项目指导委员会批准,中国作为23个新增国别项目之一,正式加入GEF第四执行阶段小额赠款项目。
        根据上述决议,中央项目管理办公室(CPMT)和UNDP驻华代表处与中国政府就小额项目启动的一系列问题展开了讨论。2008年5月,CPMT、UNDP驻华代表处、财政部和中国GEF秘书处召开了电话会议,就小额项目启动的一系列重要问题达成共识。2008年8月,中国GEF项目的执行联络人签署协议,将GEF资金分配框架下的100万美元(生物多样性领域和气候变化各50万美元),以及核心资金15万美元,用于中国GEF小额增款项目第一年的实施。在中国政府的邀请下,CPMT于2008年9月16日至19日专程来华讨论小额项目的启动问题。他们此行的主要目的是:(1)向主要利益相关者简要介绍小额赠款计划中国项目的启动程序;(2)与利益相关者共同探讨小额项目的实施方法和手段;(3)就主要工作伙伴的任务和指责达成共识。
        所有新参加小额项目的国家均须制定国家战略。国家战略作为国家项目实施的框架文件,其目的是促进人们对UNDP/GEF小额赠款项目任务和目标的了解,确保小额项目的活动与GEF保护全球环境效益的整体目标密切相关;使全球战略框架和项目文件与中国国情和优先领域相结合;为资金分配和指导项目实施,特别是在选择项目时关注的生物地理特性和主要领域提供战略框架;建立评估项目成果和影响的机制。
        小额赠款计划中国项目将GEF的重点领域和执行计划与“十一五计划”、“21世纪议程”、“国家生态环境保护规划”、“国家生物多样性战略和行动计划”以及“中国应对气候变化国家方案”等国家环境战略优先领域密切结合,这种将GEF标准与国家环境战略优先领域相结合的国家战略,对于确保小额项目与其他GEF项目以及国家环境项目的一致性,具有重要意义。

重点领域
  • 生物多样性
  • 气候变化
  • 国际水域
  • 土地退化
  • 持久性有机污染物

 


 

 

关于GEF SGP

9. 关于GEF SGP
        全球环境基金成立于1991年,其目标是通过提供资金和技术支持保护全球环境,解决环境退化问题。通过资助生物多样性、气候变化、国际水域、消耗臭氧层物质、土地退化和持久性有机污染物六个重点领域的项目,从而实现取得全球环境效益的最终目标。这些重点领域与《生物多样性公约》、《联合国气候变化框架公约》、《联合国防治沙漠化公约》、《拉姆萨尔湿地公约》、《关于持久性有机污染物的斯德哥尔摩公约》和《关于消耗臭氧层物质的蒙特利尔议定书》等国际公约密切相关。GEF资助的项目类型包括:全额项目、中型项目、项目准备资金、基础活动和小额赠款项目。
        作为GEF的支持的项目之一,小额赠款项目于1992年建立,由联合国开发计划署(UNDP)代表GEF的合作伙伴实施,由联合国项目管理办公室(UNOPS)执行。小额赠款项目是以一种分散灵活的方式由国家主导和运作的,在国家指导委员会的领导下建立国别项目。国家指导委员会的大部分成员来自于公民社会。小额赠款项目向保护和恢复自然、同时提高人们健康福祉和生计的项目提供资金和技术支持,直接向在解决环境和发展问题中起重要作用的非政府组织和社区组织提供赠款。
        小额赠款计划支持GEF优先领域——保护生物多样性、减轻气候变化、保护国际水域、防止土地退化和减少持久性有机污染物排放。小额赠款计划的主要目标是:
  • 制定基于社区的战略,运用可以多次复制的减轻全球环境威胁的技术。
  • 收集社区经验,并且在社区组织和非政府组织中分享社区层面的保护战略和创新;
  • 组织政府部门、开发援助机构、GEF和其他机构在地区或全球层面开展保护行动;
  • 通过建立利益相关者伙伴关系和网络,支持和加强社区、非政府组织和国家解决环境问题和促进可持续发展的能力;
  • 确保社区居民和其他主要利益相关者,了解和参与保护和可持续发展战略及保护全球环境的项目。







        GEF小额赠款项目在提高草根阶层的环境意识方面产生了前所未有的效果,它正逐渐成为GEF的公众形象。小额项目由社区和非政府组织直接实施和由国家指导委员会制定赠款决策的特点,决定了其在很大程度上是一个国家所有的项目。利益相关方包含政府机构在内,都对小额项目快速、有效使用GEF资金的机制表示赞赏。越来越多的全资项目和其他出资者开始在其小额资金部分运用GEF小额赠款项目的机制。
        GEF小额赠款项目以支持社区活动为重点,加强能力建设,并开展社区共同管理自然资源的活动。它已经示范了GEF战略优先的项目,例如在保护区内和周边区域开展促进资源可持续利用的活动;保护丰富多样的陆地和海洋景观;促进可再生资源的利用,建立促进资源有效利用和可持续运输方式的市场机制;在国际水域领域开展创新性示范和能力建设基础工作;开展创新性的和本土化的土地可持续利用实践;在持久性有机污染物领域开展有针对性的能力建设活动以及创新性和成本有效的示范项目等。
        自成立以来,GEF小额项目主要资助脆弱的、不发达的和贫困的社区。赠款是在当地或国家的非政府组织的帮助下,直接赠与社区组织或社区的,非政府组织在其中扮演了顾问、共同出资方、合作伙伴或者在未来形成解决环境与发展问题的持续机制的人。小额项目的实施以赋予当地居民保护环境的权力为前提,大部分国别项目优先考虑与当地和本地社区合作,并且在授予赠款时考虑性别问题。
        GEF小额赠款项目的贡献远远超过向非政府组织和社区组织提供赠款。通过提高公众意识,建立伙伴关系和促进政策对话,GEF小额赠款项目旨在为实现可持续发展目标和解决全球环境问题,创造良好的能动环境。GEF小额赠款项目帮助非政府组织和社区组织,与其他利益相关者共同支持基于社区的活动,同时履行国家和全球环境义务。因此,除了非政府组织和社区组织外,从GEF小额项目活动中受益的主要利益相关者还包括:国家和全球的非政府组织及网络,科研机构,基金会,私营部门以及政府机构。

原则
        参与,民主,灵活,透明是小额赠款计划的基本原则。项目鼓励并支持社区,当地民众,非政府组织,社区组织和其他利益相关方参与项目从策划,涉及到实施的所有方面,包括:
  • 规划国别项目战略
  • 开发,介绍和完成项目概念书和项目建议书
  • 建立伙伴关系,扩大项目的范围,复制其他成功的小额赠款项目并与之进行交流
  • 提高公众的全球环境意识,改变公众的态度和行为
  • 影响政府的环境政策和规划
  • 筹集现金或非现金形式的资金提高项目的可持续性







 
赠款

        赠款直接给予社区组织或非政府组织,奖励他们在保护环境和社区发展中所起的重要作用。每个项目赠款不多于5万美金,但全球来看,项目的平均赠款大约为2万美金。赠款直接拨付实施项目的非政府组织或社区组织。

国别项目战略

        每个参加小额赠款计划的国家都要求开发一份国家项目战略,这个战略应调整小额赠款计划的全球战略框架以适合每个国家的特殊国情。小额赠款计划国家战略考虑已有的国家生物多样性和气候变化战略和计划,以及其他相关的国家发展和扶贫规划。国家战略可以将重点放在某些领域,特别是,鼓励国土面积大的国家采用集中区域的方法来确保项目间的协作和产生较大的影响,同时也便于项目的管理。

国家协调员

        国家协调员负责项目的日常管理并同时承担国家指导委员会的秘书工作。小额赠款项目办建立在UNDP办公室或者由一个非政府组织主持。国家协调员同国家指导委员会一起,向非政府组织和社区组织宣传,通知他们如何申请赠款,并负责接收和筛选项目建议书。

国家指导委员会

        一旦加入小额赠款计划,国家项目要成立一个志愿的国家指导委员会。国家指导委员会是小额赠款项目的核心要素,它对项目提供实质性的帮助并监督项目的实施。国家指导委员会通常由来自当地非政府组织,政府部门,学术机构,联合 国开发计划署(UNDP)的代表组成,有时也包括共同出资的捐赠者,土著组织,企业和媒体。
        国家指导委员会负责开发国家项目战略,审核申请赠款的项目建议书的可行性和是否符合小额赠款计划的申请条件,以及项目实施所需的任何技术支持。国家指导委员会负责赠款的最终批准,帮助实施项目考察和检查,对项目设计提出建议,确保项目的监督和评估,并在国家范围内支持小额赠款项目。
        国家指导委员会中的政府成员以及同地方政府机构的合作,使得当地社区能够在地方,区域和国家层面找出需要政策改变的领域,并影响决策。

监督和评估

        小额赠款计划的监督和评估系统预期向利益相关方和合作伙伴提供每一个项目的情况和成果,国家项目的进展情况以及项目的总体目标实现的情况。
        小额赠款计划将上述的监督和评估视为一个参与式的和预见性的过程,这个过程能够加强能力建设和学习,维持责任感,提升项目的可持续性,并提供机会总结和传播来自项目的经验。就小额赠款计划而言,监督和评估要求在三个层面进行——项目层面,国家层面和全球层面。

中央项目管理办

        来自总部的工作小组为项目提供GEF重点领域的全球指导,审阅国家项目战略,接受和分析年度报告,负责联络GEF秘书处和GEF理事会,准备年度报告和工作计划,提出增资请求并得到理事会批准。
        作为执行机构,联合国项目事务厅(UNOPS)负责行政和财务事务。尽管小额赠款计划从开始就以纽约为总部,但项目的实施采取的是一种地方分治的方式。
        小额赠款项目的核心模式是,资金的决策权由当地人民来报告,拥有和实施。

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